走路就能到,還劍湖 附近的景點一覽

by Leticia 樂緹沙
還劍湖

Halo ! 我是 Leticia,北越可以去的地方很多,因為不知道下次再來是什麼時候,所以我盡可能的,把附近可以去的地方都找出來,這就是自由行的好處,你想在每個地方待多久時間都可以,時間上的安排可以很自由,比較遠的景點我都是租摩托車去的,如果你不敢在北越騎車,也可以選擇 還劍湖 附近的景點,都是走路可以到的地方,也不會很遠,相當於是繞著還劍湖走一圈而已

除了個別介紹之外,在文章的最後,也有這些景點的相對位置,你可以根據自己住的飯店位置做規劃,也能更加知道,現在的所在位置,比較不容易迷路,對我來說,相對位置是很重要的,方便我臨時更改行程

還劍湖 Hồ Hoàn Kiếm

還劍湖

既然是在還劍湖的附近,當然要先來看一下還劍湖長什麼樣子

還劍湖 是越南河內市中心主要湖泊之一,原名綠水湖,後因傳說越南君主黎利在此得劍還劍而改為現名。

傳說黎利一日遊湖時得神龜送來寶劍「順天劍」。此後黎利率軍擊敗明朝駐軍,建立後黎朝,成為安南君主。建國之後,黎利游湖之時見神龜前來索劍,便將「順天劍」交其帶回。

還劍湖,越南河內市中心主要湖泊之一,位於河內市中心,綠色的湖水倒映著湖畔的古樹及楊柳,其孤立湖中之「龜塔」以成為河內的象徵。

還劍湖原名綠水湖,傳說越南國王黎利在此送劍還劍而改為現名。 傳說黎利一日游湖時得神龜送來寶劍,此後黎利率軍擊敗明朝駐軍,建立後黎朝,成為安南國王。

建國之後,黎利游湖之時見神龜前來索劍,便將天命劍交其帶回。近代以來有人目擊湖中有大鱉出現,據推測為世上僅存的幾隻斑鱉之一。

Hoan Kiem Lake, one of the main lakes in the center of Hanoi, Vietnam, is located in the heart of Hanoi. The green lake reflects the ancient trees and willows on the lakeside. The “turtle tower” in the isolated lake is a symbol of Hanoi.

Hoan Kiem Lake was originally known as Green Water Lake. It is said that the Vietnamese King Li Li sent his sword to the sword and changed his current name.
Legend has it that when Li Li visited the lake on a day trip, the tortoise sent a sword. After that, the Li interest rate army defeated the Ming dynasty and established the post-Li Dynasty and became the king of Annan.

After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, when Li Li visited the lake, he saw the tortoise coming to the sword and handed it back to him. In modern times, there have been witnesses the emergence of large cockroaches in the lake, presumably one of the few remaining plaques in the world.

還劍湖 上的龜塔 Tháp Rùa

還劍湖

龜塔是一座多層尖頂四角的小塔,位於越南河內還劍湖中的龜丘島上,塔樓結合了歐式建築風格,下層有兩層哥德式捲簾

但弧形屋頂保留傳統的越南建築風格,法式建築和土著建築兩種建築風格的相互干擾,造就了龜塔獨特而別緻的美感。被視為河內人乃至越南人的精神象徵。

黎利泛舟游於此湖,忽見一金色大龜(一說為巨鱉)浮出水面朝他游來,黎利用箭射去,未能射中,於是抽出順天劍指向金龜,卻被金龜叼走此劍沉入水下。黎利命人築堤堵塞湖口,排水尋劍,但一無所獲。

黎利認為,這是金龜在抗明戰爭之際賜給他這把劍,以幫助他戰勝敵軍,而當天下恢復太平後,金龜便將劍收回,於是他命名此湖為還劍湖。後來又傳說此劍被仙人送還,插在湖中,劍柄露出水面,成為了湖心小島龜丘上的一座小塔,即龜塔。

越南沒有建造可以到達龜塔上的橋,所以只能在 還劍湖 旁邊拍攝

還劍湖 北邊的玉山祠 Đền Ngọc Sơn

還劍湖

位於還劍湖畔的玉山島呈圓形,看似玉石,故名玉山島。

島上的祠堂就因島而得名。玉山島以四十米長的太鼓橋與湖岸相連接。

玉山祠有三重門闕、大殿、廊房等。建于十八世紀黎朝末年,是中式古建築,祠內供奉關帝,呂祖、陳興道和文昌帝君等,其中除陳興道外,其餘都是明清時期在中國廣泛流傳的道教神祗。

陳興道是越南陳朝名將,民族英雄,也是越南男巫奉祀的神祗。在越南民眾心目中,他是驅除惡靈的威武象徵,且能救治婦人不孕和難產等症。

  • 開放時間 : 每天 8:00-18:00
  • 費用 : 20000 越南盾
玉山祠

接著回到還劍湖北邊的玉山祠,北越真的有很多寺廟,從這裡看向 還劍湖 真的很美,跟在湖畔的感覺完全不同

Then I went back to Đền Ngọc Sơn ( Yushan Temple) next to Hoan Kiem Lake. There are many temples in North Vietnam. From here, it is really beautiful to look return to Hoan Kiem Lake. I feel completely different from the feeling of being at the lakeside.

李太祖祠 Lý Thái Tổ

還劍湖

李太祖是越南李朝的開國君主,太祖諱李公蘊,1009 年至1028 年在位。李太祖廣場的雕像莊嚴大氣,很有帝王風範,廣場位於還劍湖畔東側。

整個廣場很大,晚上還有市民在這裡跳廣場舞,非常熱鬧。

只要你有繞著還劍湖走一圈,就一定會經過李太祖廣場,這個廣場很大,可以看到小孩在這裡玩耍,或是路人坐在附近休息

因為是傍晚才來參觀景點的,去了2個地方後天色就變暗了,聽說水上木偶劇的票不太好買,所以我是先請飯店人員來幫我買,好讓我可以直接過去觀看,沿著還劍湖走過去,路上會經過一個李太祖廣場,也可以看到還劍湖中間的龜塔,雖然是晚上,不過還劍湖附近還蠻亮的,很多人在這裡散步

I start to visit in the evening so the night is coming soon. I heard the ticket of Water puppet theater so I request the staff to buy it before I check-in. Walk along the Ho Hoan Kiem lake and you will see ly-thai square. You also see the turtle tower in the middle of the Ho Hoan Kiem lake. There are many people take a walk around the lake even in the night.

水上木偶劇 Nhà hát Múa rối nước Thăng Long-

水上木偶劇

越南的水上木偶劇的歷史得從一千年以前說起,當時河內地區因為紅河每年河水氾濫,賴以農業、漁業為生的居民只要遇到氾濫期,生活總大受影響,沒辦法工作的日子顯得無趣至極

於是有人開始拿著小木頭在水中玩耍,是那時候人們的娛樂。後來演變成在河裡築棚,也用竹子、繩子控制木偶的肢體動作,經過時代的變遷,在技術上不斷精進,成為一種民間流行的藝術表演,現在已是獲得越南國家文化部認可的傳統文化演出。

聽不懂越南話也無妨,因為從木偶的動作就能了解故事內容;木偶們豐富的肢體語言,都是來自布簾後、整場戲半身「浸泡」在水裡的幕後工作人員,

水上木偶劇的舞台入口,是照片中閃著綠色燈光的地方,可以自己先去入口購買,或是請飯店人員幫你先買好門票

  • 演出時間:
  • ⇒夏季時間:16:10、17:20、18:30、20:00
  • ⇒冬季時間:15:00、16:10、17:20、18:30、20:00
  • ⇒演出時間還是以現場的告示牌為準,但要留意最後的演出時間,不要錯過了!
  • 演出長度:1小時
  • 門票:100,000 VND

我買的票是晚上8點開始,表演時間為1個小時,全程都是越南話,表演的內容是由數個短篇當地越南生活及神話故事拼湊而成,我個人是覺得沒有什麼故事性,純粹是看一下是怎麼樣的表演方式,受殖民國家的影響,表演的音樂跟木偶,有些跟台灣的很像

是越南傳統的文藝表演,約有一千年歷史,表演方式是在水池上搭起舞台,由隱藏在後台的演員用長線或竹竿操縱木偶,使之演出各式各樣的動作及戲份

The show started at 8:00 pm and performance time up to 1 hour. All used in  Vietnamese. The content of the performance is made up of several short local Vietnamese life and mythological stories. I think the show doesn’t include the story and it is a performance model. Influenced by the colonial countries, the music and puppets of the performance are somewhat similar to  Taiwan.

It is a traditional Vietnamese cultural performance with a history of about a thousand years. The performance is to set up a stage on the pool. The actors hidden in the background use long lines or bamboo poles to manipulate puppets to perform various movements and plays.

河內大教堂 Nhà Thờ Lớn Hà Nội

河內大教堂

又名聖約瑟夫大教堂,是河內最古老的教堂,據說是仿巴黎聖母院興建而成,具有中世紀古風,其建築風格帶有濃濃的法國色彩。在教堂的內部,牆上描繪著各個天主教故事的彩繪玻璃坐在教堂裡,感覺莊嚴而平靜。每逢天主教慶典,信徒們會蜂擁至此,共同祈禱。

也是河內很具代表性的法式建築。建於 1886 年,屬新哥特風格,由兩位彩劵商所贊助興建。雖然外表看來有點斑駁,但教堂內部裝飾繁複的主壇、彩繪玻璃窗,和方形的塔樓,都極具欣賞價值

教堂的大門只有在舉辦彌撒時才會打開,其餘的時間遊客需自側面進入,側門位在面對教堂左側的小巷內。對面的 Nha Tho 街是河內新興的精品商店和咖啡館的聚集區,既浪漫又有特色。

  • 開放時間  
  • 星期一~ 六 : 8: 00~11:00、14:00~20:00
  • 星期日 : 7 :00- 11 :00,15 :00- 21:00
  • 彌撒時間為
  • 週一至週五:上午 5:30 和下午 6:15
  • 週六:18:00
  • 週日:5:00、07:00、09:00、11:00(法國式)、16:00(兒童節)、18:00、20:00(成人式)

是河內最古老的教堂,據說是仿巴黎聖母院興建而成,具有中世紀古風,其建築風格帶有濃濃的法國色彩

在教堂的內部,牆上描繪著各個天主教故事的彩繪玻璃坐在教堂裡,感覺莊嚴而平靜。每逢天主教慶典,信徒們會蜂擁至此,共同祈禱。

It is the oldest church in Hanoi. It is said to be built like the Notre Dame de Paris. It has medieval medieval style and its architectural style is rich in French colors.

In the interior of the church, the stained glass depicting the various Catholic stories on the wall sits in the church, feeling solemn and calm. At the Catholic celebrations, believers will flock here and pray together.

河內歌劇院 Nhà hát Lớn Hà Nội

還劍湖

在越南獨立後,河內歌劇院轉換成宣揚社會主義的市民劇院

然而,近年來越南政府又將歌劇院重新整修一番,試圖想要恢復往昔的法式風采,原先遺留下來的大型水晶吊燈、巴黎式的鏡子、光亮的大理石階梯..,都隨著越南改革開放,又重新展現了華麗的一面

可惜的是河內歌劇院並沒有開放給大眾參觀, 只能在外面拍照留念,若想要一賭劇院內的風采,得買張票入內看表演才行!

接著到河內歌劇院,可惜去的時候沒有表演在這裡演出,不然就可以進去內部參觀了

河內歌劇院是法國殖民越南時期的重要建築之一,這個仿照新巴洛克風格的「巴黎歌劇院」建築所蓋成的歌劇院,其中愛奧尼亞式的圓柱和灰色石版磚的建材都是由法國運到越南的,由此可看出法國當時統治越南的決心!

經過十年的施工,河內歌劇院終於在1911年開慕,一直到1945年「越盟(Viet Minh)」在歌劇院的陽台發動八月革命之前,一直都被認為是法國在越南殖民統治時期中文化與建築藝術的驕傲。 河內劇院內設一座大型舞臺,八百七十座觀眾席,二層設多間貴賓包廂。

Go to the Hanoi Opera House next. It’s so sad there is no performance at that time.

I want to see the interior of the Hanoi Opera House.
The Hanoi Opera House is one of the most important architectural features of the French colonial period of Vietnam. This is an opera house built on the neo-Baroque-style “Paris Opera” building, in which Ionian-style columns and grey stone bricks are made of building materials. From France to Vietnam, it can be seen that France was determined to rule Vietnam at that time!

After ten years of construction, the Hanoi Opera House finally revered in 1911. Until 1945, when Viet Minh launched the August Revolution on the balcony of the Opera House, it was considered to be the French colonial rule during Vietnam. The pride of Chinese and architectural art. The Hanoi Theatre has a large stage with 870 seats and two VIP rooms on the second floor.

徒步區

還劍湖

徒步區不是一個景點,而是在每周五下午 5 點到周日晚上 10 點,這段時間,還劍湖 都不允許任何車輛進入,包括人力三輪車,所有人都只能用走的

在這段時間,徒步區上會有許多街頭表演,以及各式各樣的攤販,非常的熱鬧

這個徒步區還有警察在做交通管制,因為我就是騎著摩托車要經過的時候被攔下來,害我很緊張,以為發生什麼事情

徒步區的範圍是我在地圖上圈起來的地方,基本上是以還劍區為主,湖畔的步道都是

將所有我計畫的行程跑完後,先回飯店附近吃飯,下午去做個越南有名的按摩,晚上去36古街逛逛,本來打算繼續我的摩托車之旅,結果在逛完古街要回來的時候,發現還劍湖附近被封街了,還有警察在吹哨子,害我們超緊張的,趕緊往沒被封起來的出口離開

詢問飯店人員才知道
每周五下午 5 點到周日晚上 10 點, 還劍湖 周遭的馬路會被封起來變成徒步區,所有人只能用走的,摩托車也必須停下來用牽的,聽說會有很多攤販跟表演,白天的時候也只能用走的,可惜我明天就要回去了,不然就有時間好好逛一下

After running all my planned trips, I went back to the restaurant to eat nearby, In the afternoon, I will be a famous massage in Vietnam and went to 36 ancient streets in the evening. I planned to continue my motorcycle journey. As a result, I found that Hoan Kiem Lake was coming back after visiting the ancient street. The street was closed nearby, and the police were blowing the whistle, which made us extremely nervous. We quickly left the exit that was not sealed and asked the hotel staff to know.

Every Friday from 5 pm to 10 pm on Sunday, the road around Hoan Kiem Lake will be sealed into a hiking area. All the people only walk. Motorcycles must stop and walk it. Even in the day you only walk.  I heard that there will be many Vendors and performances we can see.  Unfortunately I will go back tomorrow, otherwise, I will have time to go shopping.

三十六古街 Khu phố cổ Hà Nội

36古街

36古街歷史悠長,早在西元11世紀時越南的李王朝就有了,這裡的街道以師傅職業而居,成為當時河內重要的商業中心

之前每一條都是專門行業的一條街,比如木器行、瓷器行、絲綢行等等共有36行,但直至今日已經都混在一塊

這裡也是徒步區的範圍內,到了假日,路上的人會更多

逛古街有 3 種方式,走路、坐電瓶車或是搭人力三輪車,因為古街很大,而且路很複雜,如果怕迷路的話,最好選擇搭人力三輪車的方式

古街沒有特定的入口,基本上,你只要看到店家林立的時候就算是進入古街的範圍內了

越南的首都-河內,最繁華的區域莫過於 還劍湖 ,與環繞其旁的三十六條古街,因為周邊蔭樹林林,河內又被稱為「百花春城」

越南36古街約有一千年以上的歷史,據說古代只有36種行業,因此每一條街所賣的東西都不同,是越南最重要的城市古蹟,又稱 「舊城區 」

逛36古街的方式有3種,坐電瓶車、坐三輪車、走路

  • 電瓶車的話一個人是 200 元 ( 台幣 )
  • 三輪車的話是人坐在前面 ( 我覺得比較危險 )
  • 走路是最方便的方式

因為整個36古街非常大,如果時間不夠多的話基本上很容易迷路,這裡賣的東西非常的多,玩具街、珠寶街、佛具街、衣服街、五金用品街…等

甚至有非常多妳一定看過的大品牌出現在這裡,The North Face、NIKE、KIPLING猴子包等品牌在36古街到處都有

The capital of Vietnam, Hanoi, is the most prosperous area of ​​Hoan Kiem Lake, with 36 ancient streets surrounding it.

Because of the surrounding shade trees, Hanoi is also known as the “Hundred Flowers Spring City”.

Vietnam’s 36 ancient streets have a history of more than one thousand years. It is said that there were only 36 industries in ancient times. Therefore, each street sells different things. It is the most important urban monument in Vietnam, also known as “Old Town”.

There are 3 ways to visit 36 ​​Ancient Street
Ride a battery car, ride a tricycle, walk
For a battery car, it is 200 yuan per person (Taiwan dollars)
The tricycle is because people are sitting in front (I think it is more dangerous)
Walking is the most convenient way
But because the entire 36 Ancient Street is very large, it ’s basically easy to get lost if you do n’t have enough time

There are many things sold here, such as Toy Street, Jewelry Street, Buddha Street, Clothes Street, Hardware Street … etc.
There are even many big brands you must have seen here. The North Face, NIKE, KIPLING monkey bags and other brands are everywhere in 36 Ancient Street.

同春市場 Chợ Đồng Xuân

同春市場

是一座位於河內的大型批發市場,原建築由法國殖民政府興建,在 1889 年落成

同春市場在 1994 年 7 月 14 日幾乎被一場火災摧毀,之後進行過多次修復工程,這座市場是河內市面積最大的室內市場,批發商會在這裏售賣服裝、家庭用品、食品等商品

古街上有些店家也是從這裡批發商品,從 36 古街一直往北走,就可以走到同春市場

因市場位於三十六古街附近,可想而知,三十六古街的貨源皆來自於此。玲瑯滿目的生活用品、五金百貨皆可找到

該市場為目前河內最大面積的室內批發市場,雖然在1994年遭逢祝融,但目前已經修復完整,來趟當地越南人的五分埔吧!

到越南什麼是必買的呢 ? 我想很多人腦中浮現的應該就是腰果吧!之前有一位在越南工作的朋友跟我說,要買便宜的腰果就要到河內買,在胡志明買不會比較便宜,還有要記得買真空包裝的,因為有一次她為了省錢買一大袋散裝的,回家才發現裡面有蟲蟲

同春市場入口處就有賣腰果的攤位,左邊右邊都有店家,問到的價格也都一樣

◎注意:

1.還劍湖 的北門,是當地人經常去的市場,賣的東西不是很好,可以在這裏體會一下當地人的生活。河內普通市民的購物天堂,衣物雜貨,什麼都有。零售批發,都可以在這裏成交。
2.人多,東西雜,小商品批發市場,可以在裏面買一些小的手工藝品,記得砍價
3.找錢要注意別被騙

Tongchun Market is located in the center of the old city north of Hoan Kiem Lake in the urban area of ​​Hanoi.

Originally built by the French colonial government in 1889, the French style can be smelled from the appearance, and then destroyed by fire and restored many times. Now Tong Chun Market is the largest indoor market in Hanoi. The products sold are related to all aspects of clothing, food and housing.

However, Tongchun Market has relatively simple facilities and low-grade goods. For tourists, it may be more meaningful to experience the life of Hanoi citizens than shopping. It is a large wholesale market.

Because the market is located near the 36th ancient street, it is conceivable that the supply of 36th ancient street comes from here. Linglang is full of daily necessities and hardware department stores.
This market is currently the largest indoor wholesale market in Hanoi. Although it was celebrated in 1994, it has been completely restored. Visit Wufenpu, a local Vietnamese!

What is a must buy when you come to Vietnam? I think a lot of people should have cashew nuts in their minds! A friend who worked in Vietnam told me before that if you want to buy cheap cashews, you have to buy them in Hanoi. It ’s not cheaper to buy in Ho Chi Minh, and you have to remember to buy vacuum packaging, because once she bought a big bag in bulk to save money. Yes, I found bugs inside when I went home. There is a stall selling cashews at the entrance of Tongchun Market. There are shops on the left and right, and the prices are the same.

◎ Note:

1. The north gate of Hoan Kiem Lake is a market that locals often go to. The things they sell are not very good. You can experience the life of locals here. A shopping paradise for ordinary citizens in Hanoi, clothes and groceries, everything. Retail and wholesale can be traded here.
2. There are many people, miscellaneous things, and small commodity wholesale markets. You can buy some small handicrafts in it.
3. Be careful not to be cheated when looking for money

火爐監獄 Hoả Lò

火爐監獄

這座監獄最有趣的地方在於,裡面的展示都很努力的訴說,法國當時對待他們多麼殘忍,然後強調越共政府對於美軍戰俘的良好待遇

保留下來的雕像跟紀錄,真的會覺得很可怕,不過到後半段的美好氣氛真的有很大的反轉

其實大家對待戰俘的態度丟樣殘忍,真的不用五十步笑百步,可以去看看河內希爾頓這部電影

  • 參觀時間:8:30-11:30 am、13:30-16:30 pm
  • 門票:30,000 VND

下一個是我很期待的火爐監獄 , 火爐監獄是法國人於1896 年所興建的監獄,名為「Maison Centrale」,被稱為「河內火爐」,當地人稱之為「火爐」,因為這個地方原本是製作陶瓷的窯爐的村落。

這是法國人在北越所興建的最大監獄,當時反法殖民的重大政治犯,都被關在這裡凌虐、拷問。然而,被關在這裡的異議分子,卻也得以互通聲思,更加堅定國族主義的信仰,其中有些人鍥而不捨地挖通地道逃出監獄,再度加入反法陣營,成為日後獨立建國的重要人物。

1945 年北越建國後,火爐監獄成為國家監獄,收容重大罪犯。1963 年南北越戰爆發,當時美國空軍全力轟炸北越,部分轟炸機被擊落,飛行員就被監禁於此,其中最知名的包括美國首任駐越南代表 Douglas Peterson,以及當時是美國海軍飛行員、後於2008年成為共和黨總統候選人的約翰·麥凱恩(Jonh McCain)。

因為越共也是以多種非人道刑法對付戰犯,恐怖的名聲令美軍為它取了個「河內希爾頓」的名號,1987 年有部好萊塢越戰電影便以「河內希爾頓」為名,描述被關在這裡的美國大兵故事,也因此「河內希爾頓」幾乎成了這監獄的代名詞。

Next is the Hoa Lo Prison I am looking forward to.
The Hoa Lo Prison  is a prison built by the French in 1896 and is called “Maison Centrale”. It is called “Hanoi Furnace”. The locals call it the “fire stove”, so the original is the village of the ceramic furnace.

This is the largest prison built by the French in North Vietnam. At that time, the major political prisoners who were anti-French colonials were locked up here and tortured. However, the dissidents who were locked up here have also been able to exchange their voices and become more convinced of the nationalist beliefs. Some of them have rushed through the prisons and rejoined the anti-French camp, becoming an important figure in the independent establishment of the country in the future. .

After the founding of the North Vietnam in 1945, the Furnace Prison became a national prison and hosted major criminals. In 1963, the North-South Vietnam War broke out. At that time, the US Air Force bombarded North Vietnam and some bombers were shot down. The pilots were imprisoned here. The most famous ones included Douglas Peterson, the first US representative in Vietnam, and the US Navy pilot. Jonh McCain, a Republican presidential candidate.

Because the Viet Cong also used a variety of inhuman criminal laws to deal with war criminals, the reputation of terror made the US military take the name of “Hanoi Hilton”. In 1987, a Hollywood Vietnam War movie was named after “Hanoi Hilton”. The story of the American soldier, and therefore “Happa Hilton” has become synonymous with this prison.

還劍湖 周邊景點一覽

還劍湖景點

在還劍湖的附近,就有很多景點可以去,而且走路就可到,最遠的景點就是同春市場、河內歌劇院、火爐監獄這 3 個地方,大概要走 15- 20 分鐘左右,如果你平常走路速度就蠻快的,應該就可以更快到達

在做自由行規劃的時候,距離是很重要的一點,繞著還劍湖一圈,還能順便看到不少景點,就不需要花太多時間在路途上,你可以根據自己飯店的所在位置,再去規劃出你想要去的路線

水上木偶劇跟火爐監獄是有參觀時間限制的,所以要注意去的時間,免得白跑一趟

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